It has been proven that psychological therapies are most effective in treating anxiety. In extreme cases, medication may be considered helpful as well, where anti-depressants could be helpful in treating anxiety, even if a person doesn’t experience symptoms of depression. Psychological treatments like that of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is the first preference for treating anxiety because of various reasons. Antidepressant medication helps in the correction of the imbalance of chemical messages between neurons in the brain, thus proving to be a temporary solution, unless the medication is continuous, whereas CBT deals with tackling the problem of anxiety permanently and does not have any negative side effects like that of the ones that medical treatments may have on a person.
How to Apply Cognitive Behavioural Therapy?
The word ‘Cognitive’ deals with the thinking and belief process of a person whereas ‘behavioral’ deals with how one reacts to a situation. First of all, it is important to remember that, the more your brain is quiet and relaxed, the easier therapeutic information can get into it and be processed, where peace and calmness lead to “crowding out” the anxieties and fears we have while we focus on healing and attaining inner peace. The brain should be conditioned to think rationally while eliminating negativity, thus training the mind to think differently than that of in the past.
Several Cognitive-behavioral techniques could be used, such as:
- Conditioning one’s actions to be performed calmly
- Controlling negative thought processes
- Constantly talking to and motivating oneself with rational and helpful statements
- Setting a beneficial Goal and constantly Pushing oneself forward towards it
- Becoming more focused and determined
- Taking overcoming anxiety seriously, working daily on the therapy, being patient and believing in oneself completely
- Focusing on rational aspects by avoiding the indulgence of skewed perspectives
The behavioral aspect of the therapy steps in mainly when there exists a strong cognitive foundation, where through his/her actions, one then strives to reverse the situation that caused anxiousness, thus reaching a stable psychological state by treating everyday, real-life, troublesome situations. By this time, one learns how to behave, think and act differently before confronting real life challenges. Anxiety can hence be treated with time, patience and hard work.
One’s thoughts, feelings, and behavior are all accountable in determining the quality of life a person lives. CBT helps a person in changing his/her unhealthy or unhelpful habits of thinking, feeling and behaving by involving the use of self-help strategies which help influence one’s life positively.
IRIANS- The Neuroscience Institute