This article concerns, directly or indirectly, the transforming approach to flexible and versatile architecture which has developed progressively throughout the last several years. This has produced an alternative to the logic of conflict and contradiction explored by Deconstructivist architects: flexible, curvilinear, pliant architectures that meet the requirements of design tactics of fluidity, viscosity and connection. Even the Deconstructivists, who express the differences and heterogeneity of the physical and cultural contexts of our age by means of formal strategies of the discontinuous, the fragmented, the diagonal, juxtaposition and opposition in other words through formal conflicts have begun to search for an alternative way of responding to the complexity of the contemporary world. They have approached this through the logic of curvilinearity and pliancy, which is capable of embodying in a fluid manner, disparate elements and differences within heterogeneous continuous systems. The tactic of mixing, in a continuous and cohesive way, the architectural object in accordance with a logic of gratification rather than conflict, has resulted in the adoption of pliant systems that is, flexible and changing – in response to the various contextual, programmatic, structural and other requirements of the project. These pliant and fluid new architectures tend to constitute an inclusive and organic environment. Their purpose is to model the conditions that constitute the dynamics of the urban context, from which a new urban life emerges. Thus the art of architecture derives the capacity to give life to an interconnected series of factors (form, technology, functional programme, physical and cultural context, purchasers, market, utilisation) in the way of a global architectural practice that results in a new practice of urbanism. The sensitivity for curved and bent lines is connected, therefore, to the will to construct fluid spaces by means of continuous yet differentiated systems that are capable of embodying the various contextual factors in the development of form dynamically and in a cohesive manner. In fact, these fluid connections through pliant systems describe a viscous space that is capable of complex deformations and has the capacity to change in response to heterogeneous and differentiated contexts. The breaking down of the fences between the different circles of disciplines has fostered an interdisciplinary attitude – or rather a ‘trans disciplinary one ~ that tends to transpose concepts and notions from one field of thought and human activity to another. This produces a mixture of ideas and visions of a kind that determines a transversal and metamorphic condition which is defined by the term trans modernity. In particular, developments in modern geometry or mathematics, perceptual psychology and computer graphics have an influence on the present formal renewal of architecture and on the evolution of architectural thought. In the framework of geometry or modern mathematics, topology proves useful for architecture both as a conceptual resource and as an operative technique. Topological geometry is therefore a flexible and dynamic system that is capable of curving, folding or twisting by means of continuous transformations. Accordingly, the pliant and curvilinear architectures are understood and practised as being the result of processes of manipulation and deformation of form itself.
Architecture & Science – Topological Architecture, 2002
Akshay Ashok Salunkhe
IRIANS- The Neuroscience Institute